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Thought for Today

“Ideas govern the world, or throw it into chaos.”

Auguste Comte

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Thought For Today

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(I was struck while reading this review of Murakami’s latest book of short stories by the parallel between his ‘dialled down’ male protagonists, and the ‘hermless’ aspect of Dundee’s male population during the heyday of the jute industry, the ‘kettle-bilers’ who signed up for teetotalism and quietly worked their gairdens. 1.115 palabras más

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The Woman Who Studied the Sun

Posting this in response to a question I was asked.  It is essentially an extract from my book 13.8

Cecilia Payne won a scholarship to Newnham College, Cambridge (the only way she could have afforded a university education) in 1919. 1.193 palabras más

Paul Braterman reblogueó esto en Primate's Progress y comentado:

[caption id="" align="alignright" width="296"]File:Cecilia Helena Payne Gaposchkin (1900-1979) (3).jpg Cecilia Payne-Gaposhkin at work; Smithsonian Institute Archives via Wikipedia[/caption] I just came across this piece by John Gribbin, interesting for many reasons. Glasgow University started awarding degrees to women in 1892; contrast Cambridge University's 1948. Auguste Comte, 1835: “We will never be able to determine the chemical composition of the stars”. 1802, Wollaston observes Fraunhofer lines 1814, Fraunhofer independently observes Fraunhofer lines. Perhaps a reader can tell me why they are named after Fraunhofer, not Wollaston 1859, Kirchhoff (of circuit laws fame) and, independently, Bunsen (of Bunsen burner fame) match Fraunhofer lines to atomic spectra, infer chemical composition of stars 1868, Lockyer correctly identifies third solar Fraunhofer line in “sodium yellow” region as due to a new element, names it “helium” 1892, Glasgow University starts awarding degrees to women ~1923 (see below), Cecilia Payne (later Payne-Gaposhkin) completes studies at Cambridge, but cannot formally graduate because she is a woman 1925, Cecilia Payne gains Ph.D. from Radcliffe; unravels highly complex (see below) Fraunhofer lines of stars; shows that, contrary to all then current expectation, stellar composition is dominated by hydrogen and helium 1948, Cambridge University starts awarding degrees to women